Shared Interest: Measuring Human-AI Alignment to Identify Recurring Paterns in Model Behavior

ACM Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI), 2022

Best Paper Honorable Mention


Examples of correctly and incorrectly classified images identified by shared interest coverage metrics.

Abstract

Saliency methods—techniques to identify the importance of input features on a model’s output—are a common step in understanding neural network behavior. However, interpreting saliency requires tedious manual inspection to identify and aggregate patterns in model behavior, resulting in ad hoc or cherry-picked analysis. To address these concerns, we present Shared Interest: metrics for comparing model reasoning (via saliency) to human reasoning (via ground truth annotations). By providing quantitative descriptors, Shared Interest enables ranking, sorting, and aggregating inputs, thereby facilitating large-scale systematic analysis of model behavior. We use Shared Interest to identify eight recurring patterns in model behavior, such as cases where contextual features or a subset of ground truth features are most important to the model. Working with representative real-world users, we show how Shared Interest can be used to decide if a model is trustworthy, uncover issues missed in manual analyses, and enable interactive probing.